6 Effects Bulimia Has On Your Teeth read more
Bulimia is an eating disorder that’s described as a destructive pattern of eating and purging (vomiting) to control weight. This cycle of constant bingeing and purging not only causes stress on the heart, kidneys and other organs but it can be especially damaging to the teeth.
Vomit is toxic because it contains stomach acids. These acids are corrosive and can wear away the enamel that covers and protects your teeth. This in turn leads to tooth decay. Brushing teeth too hard after vomiting can also cause tooth decay. Bingeing on sugary foods and fizzy drinks can also contribute to tooth decay.
Yellow Brittle Teeth
The colour and texture of the teeth can change as the erosion gets worse. As the enamel erodes, the dentine is exposed which is yellow in colour. Teeth will become more brittle and chip easily.
Stomach acid can also wear away the skin of the roof and sides of your mouth and damage your throat. Painful sores can then develop in the mouth and throat which can become infected and swollen.
Swollen Salivary Glands
The acids can also irritate the glands on the side of your cheeks which produce saliva. Infected swollen salivary glands will reduce saliva production in the mouth which is what protects your teeth against decay.
A lack of saliva production is known as dry mouth which can affect the way you eat by changing the flavour of food. Dry mouth can also be damaging to the teeth as saliva washes away bacteria that causes tooth decay.
As the enamel of the teeth wears away it exposes the dentine which is the sensitive inner part of your teeth which can make your teeth hurt. Other symptoms are sensitivity or pain to hot or cold food or drinks.
The short term solution is treating the dental conditions such as filling the cavities and replacing broken teeth. The long term solution is to get treatment by arranging an appointment with your GP. The following sources can provide help and support:
For further advice or support for your teeth please call the Mayhill Dental Centre on 01600 712020 or email email@example.com
Dead Teeth: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment read more
Why do teeth die on us?
Teeth contain a blood supply and healthy teeth are very much alive. The pulp of the tooth extends from the crown to the roots. When the nerves in the pulp of the tooth become damaged either through injury or decay, they stop providing blood to the tooth. The nerve basically dies and your dentist would describe it as a “non-vital” tooth.
Signs of a Dead Tooth
Discoloration might be one of the first signs. A tooth that is dying will be different in colour to the rest of the teeth. It might be a dark yellow or light brown in colour. This will get worse over time as the nerve continuous to die off.Pain when biting or chewing could also be another symptom but not always. Some people don’t experience any pain and may be unaware that the tooth has died. Other signs may include swelling around the gum line, bad breath or bad taste. Oversensitivity in the affected tooth when you drink hot or cold beverages is also another sign in the early stages.
What Causes a Tooth to Die?
Trauma or injury is one possible cause. For example falling over and hitting your mouth or getting hit in the mouth. A tooth can die instantly or slowly over several months or years. Any injury to your teeth should always be investigated by your dentist.
Tooth decay when left untreated can also destroy the nerves in the teeth and the surrounding bone. Decay will eat away at the enamel and eventually reach the pulp. The infection cuts off the blood supply to the pulp. The symptoms are usually intense pain.
Dead teeth should be treated as soon as possible to give them the best chance of survival otherwise the bacteria from the dead tooth can spread which can affect the bone and surrounding area. The treatment for dead teeth is either extraction or root canal therapy. This involves cleaning out the infection in the pulp (roots of the teeth) with small instruments and filing and sealing the roots to prevent further infection. In many cases a crown is recommended to protect the tooth as root filled teeth can become brittle over time. If crowning is not necessary tooth bleaching may be used to treat tooth discoloration to the affected teeth. Porcelain veneers are also another option to disguise the discoloration.
It is not always possible to cure badly infected teeth. Referral can be made to specialist Endodontists who use microscopes and can deal with difficult roots. Failing that, extraction would be necessary. The tooth lost can be replaced with an implant, denture or bridge. Your dentist would be able to give you the best options.
If you would like further advice from our Endodontist please call 01600 712020 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
5 Most Popular Cosmetic Dental Procedures read more
Cosmetic dentistry focuses primarily on the appearance of teeth usually expressed when smiling. Whilst dentists should always put dental health first, dramatic improvements can be made without resorting to excessive removal of tooth structure. Computer simulation and smile design allow the dentist and patient to rehearse treatment to obtain more predictable outcomes. The five treatments detailed below are the most popular and conservative options available.
This involves bleaching your teeth to remove any discoloration or stains on the enamel of the teeth. There is a large choice of whitening procedures which includes in the dental chair, at home or a mixture of both, depending on preference and budget. Tooth whitening only works on natural tooth enamel so fillings, crowns or veneers will not change colour.
This is a tooth coloured putty that can fix small chips or minor discolouration. It is moulded to fill holes or chips in the teeth. This is then set hard with ultra violet light. Bonding can last a few years before it needs to be replaced.
This involves reshaping a patient’s tooth or teeth. This could involve altering the position, shape, width or length. This requires strong healthy teeth as it involves sanding or using a laser to achieve the new shape. Contouring is often used with bonding to fill in chips.
These are made of porcelain shells and are placed over the front of the teeth. They are cemented on to each individual tooth, changing the colour and shape and providing a more permanent change than whitening or bonding. It is very popular with celebrities as its an easy way to gain the perfect smile. You do however need to remove a very thin layer of tooth enamel to bond the veneer.
This is becoming a very popular option and is used to straighten teeth. Invisalign uses a series of virtually invisible custom made aligners to gradually straighten teeth without the need for metal wires or brackets. Each aligner is worn for about 2 weeks and should only be removed for eating , brushing and contact sports.
If you are curious about whether any of these procedures might be suitable for you please feel free to contact the Mayhill on 01600 712020 or email email@example.com. We are always happy to answer any questions or concerns.
It is tempting to ignore a small amount of blood when you brush your teeth. However, bleeding gums should not be ignored as it could be a sign of gum disease. Treating bleeding gums quickly can prevent serious damage to your teeth and gums later on.
Causes of Bleeding Gums
There are a number of reasons why gums may bleed during brushing. One of the most common causes is gingivitis, which is the first stage of gum disease. This is the stage where gums become inflamed due to bacteria and plaque build-up around the teeth and gums. More advanced stages of gum disease can also cause the gums to bleed.
Other causes could be:
- Vitamin C and K deficiencies
- Brushing too hard
- Hormonal changes
Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Swollen, tender red gums
- Blood in saliva
- Pus around the teeth and gums
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Loose teeth
- Bleeding when brushing
- Constant bad breath
Treating Bleeding Gums
If you have any of the above symptoms book an appointment with your dentist. They will help you identify the problem and may recommend a professional clean or surgery depending on the severity of the problem. Severe cases would be referred to a periodontist who specialises in treating gum disease.
Good Oral Care
This is the most important part to stopping gums bleeding and overall dental health. This would include brushing at least twice a day for 2 minutes each, flossing and interdental brushing once a dayand visiting the dentist regularly. A toothbrush with soft bristles can also help the gums heal.
A Balanced Diet
Focus on foods that give the body nutrients to include fresh fruit and vegetables and wholegrains. A diet full of sugary foods will increase the risk of increase the risk of gum disease as sugar is converted into acid which attack the teeth and gums.
High stress levels can contribute to bleeding gums. Stress increases inflammation which makes gums bleed more readily. It also lowers your immune system so it takes your body longer to fight infections. Learn to say no to pressure when you feel overwhelmed.
Gum disease can be contagious. Your risk of developing gum disease increases if your partner has a lot of bacteria in the mouth. Try not to share items that contact another person’s mouth such as toothbrushes, drinks and utensils.
For further advice please contact the Mayhill dental centre on 01600 712020 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
How And What We Eat Affects Our Oral Health read more
Eating a well balanced diet is not only important for our general health but also for our teeth. Limiting the in- take of sugary foods prevents obesity which is well publicised but also keeps our teeth healthy as well. Eating too many sugary snacks can lead to tooth decay which in turn can cause infection and tooth loss.
How Do Your Teeth Decay?
Bacteria is present in all our mouths and feed on sugars in the food. The bacteria change the sugar into acids. These acids are strong enough to dissolve the protective enamel on your teeth which in turn can lead to cavities. Pain may be experienced if the enamel is worn away which exposes the sensitive inner layers of the teeth. Frequently snacking on sugary food and drinks throughout the day exposes your teeth to acid attacks frequently. Acidic foods and beverages also exacerbate the problem causing a double acid attack on the teeth.
Snack With Care
The important part of oral health is preventing enamel loss. Choosing nutritious snacks and limiting sugary intakes can protect your teeth from acid attack. Some sweets are worse for your teeth than others. Sticky, chewy foods stay on our teeth for longer, increasing the risk of enamel erosion. Choose drinks that are low in acid such as milk and water. Soft drinks, diet drinks and sports energy drinks are high in acid. Using straws also helps limit how much your teeth are exposed to the sugar and acid in the drink. Are you really giving your kids a treat if you give them these drinks?
Frequency of Snacking
How often we snack can also have a major impact on our teeth. Nibbling sugary snacks often is harder on the teeth than a dessert after dinner. Every time you eat a sugary snack, even just a little at a time, the bacteria produce damaging acids in your mouth. Therefore there is greater opportunity for tooth decay to occur. It is therefore best to eat sugary foods after a meal instead of multiple times between meals. Avoid slowly nibbling or sipping sugary or acidic foods over a long period.
This helps clean out the sugar and acid left from the food and beverages, reducing the chance of tooth decay. Avoid drinking sugary or acidic beverages before bed; the liquid can coat your teeth with sugar and acid and attack the enamel while you sleep. So when choosing snacks think of the frequency you consume them, how long they stay in your mouth and the texture. Look for snacks that are low in sugar and fat; avoid sugary drinks between meals and brush your teeth 30 minutes after eating.
Choosing the right foods is not only good for your body and oral health, its also good for your teeth. For further advice please call the Mayhill Dental centre on 01600 712020 or email email@example.com .
Tooth alignment can be improved at any age, so long as your gums and bone structure are healthy- so it’s never too late! Straight teeth can dramatically make a difference to one’s appearance but also improve oral health as straight teeth are easier to keep clean. Overly crowded teeth can get worse over time, and result in severely crooked teeth. Crowding can lead to plaque accumulation, tooth decay and increased chance of gum disease. Spacing issues and gaps between teeth can also lead to gum problems. We are also seeing more patients having difficulty with their “bite” or occlusion. This can lead to accelerated tooth wear, painful or clicking jaw joints. The latter can lead to headaches or even pain in the back or neck.
A contemporary technique called Invisalign offers a discrete way of achieving straighter teeth without any visible evidence of braces. This system involves wearing a series of aligners which are custom made to fit securely over your teeth. They are made of smooth clear plastic, are removable and virtually invisible. With continuous research and development the Invisalign system has become more innovative, year on year, enabling even more complex tooth alignment cases to be treated and has considerably shortened the length of treatment time especially with teenagers who have had to deal with twin blocks to move the jaw prior to the start of wearing braces. Invisalign can now do this together with gently moving or rotating teeth at the same time. They also have the advantage for teenagers who play sport or a musical instrument as they are totally removable.
During the initial consultation images and impressions of the teeth are taken and the Invisalign system uses advanced 3-D computer graphic technology (Clincheck) to predict the projected outcome of the treatment and show you what your teeth would look like at the end of treatment. Once treatment is started each set of aligners is worn for about 2 weeks, gradually moving the teeth towards their predicted final position. During treatment it is possible to eat and drink whatever you want as the aligners are removable. It is also easier to brush and floss normally to maintain healthy gums and teeth as there are no wires or metal brackets.
With any orthodontic treatment retention is necessary to keep the teeth in the new position. Studies have shown that without retainers straightened teeth can gradually shift back to their initial position.
Over 5 million people have used Invisalign so it’s a system that’s been well tried and tested.If you would like further information or advice on the above please feel free to call the Mayhill Dental & Specialist Centre on 01600 712020 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
7 Essential Tips to Maintaining Dental Health Whilst Wearing Braces read more
Proper dental care whilst wearing braces is well worth the effort once the braces come off. This should include:
Rinsing the Mouth
Braces can cause food particles to get stuck in your teeth, wires and brackets. Rinsing after each meal will loosen food particles that might get stuck in the teeth and braces. A fluoride rinse before bed would be best after brushing. This will also help to prevent biofilm and gingivitis, a common problem when wearing braces.
Ensure you use a soft bristled brush or power tooth brush for 2 minutes, the same as normal brushing. You may need to replace the toothbrush a lot sooner as braces tend to wear down the bristles faster. You can also use a special orthodontic brush which is smaller.
This is a small brush that is helpful in cleaning between the teeth and can also be used to clean underneath and around the wire and braces.
Regular and proper flossing is important to maintain dental health in general. Floss threaders can help you get under the brace and remove plaque that is difficult to reach.
Regular Check-Up and Hygiene Appointments
Make sure you see your regular dentist and hygienist every six months for a check-up and thorough clean. This will keep an eye on any areas that need extra attention. Hygienists can remove build-up of plaque in hard to reach places.
Wear a Mouthguard if You Play Sports.
They can protect your cheeks and lips from serious cuts and prevent damage to your braces if you fall over or get hit in the face.
Watch What You Eat
Eating sugary and starchy foods can cause plaque build up around the brackets, which can cause staining, cavities or gum disease. Avoid sticky, chewy foods which can be hard to remove from the braces. Hard foods such as nuts and crusty bread are discouraged as they can break or loosen the brackets. Cut crunchy food such as apples into small bite sized pieces.
If you wish to avoid the above issues removable Aligners such as Invisalign are becoming very popular and worth considering. If you would like further advice please feel free to contact our friendly specialist Orthodontist Ben Cross who does children and adult orthodontics including Invisalign here at the Mayhill on 01600 712020 or email email@example.com.
Overcoming Dental Phobia; A Patients Journey read more
If the thought of going to the dentist causes your heart to race and your hands to sweat you are not alone. Although many will choose to make dental health one of their New Years resolutions, in reality many will give the dentist a miss due to dental anxiety.
I know we have in the past written about dental phobias but I thought it was worth revisiting the topic as it is such a common theme with many patients who come to visit for the first time . The following account of a patient’s personal journey with us here at the Mayhill Dental Centre is very heart felt and thought it worth publishing in the hope that it will help other people overcome their anxiety.
“My husband Peter attended the Mayhill & was treated by Jason. His previous dental experiences had not been satisfactory for a variety of reasons. Jason sorted all the dental problems & since then Peter has had no mouth difficulties at all. For this reason he tried to persuade me to see Jason, who at that point had no idea that I had suffered trauma as a teenager & was terrified of attending the dentist. It took numerous visits to even get inside the Mayhill, from putting my hand on the door handle to walking away. I eventually entered Jason’s surgery with Peter, but had great difficulty even speaking to anyone & ending up in floods of tears, even though I was having no treatment. Jason & his staff were patience personified. He spoke gently, took time, explained & had infinite patience & understanding with me. He did what I consider extensive treatment from crowns to dentures for missing teeth, took numerous measurements of my mouth, photographs, etc with the result being a perfect fit of everything. He did in fact give me back a smile that I don’t remember having since a teenager. Jason changed my life for the better, not only with the dental result but in taking away my fear without the need for medication, but just in his manner & gentleness. How can you ever thank a person for making such a difference to your life. However I do so in saying Thank You Jason so very much.”
B Johns 17/10/2017
So do remember if you have a fear of the dentist you are not alone! Please feel free to call the Mayhill on 01600 712020 for further advice or help.
Why Should We Replace Missing Teeth? read more
Today’s gold standard for tooth replacement is dental implants. A dental implant is a small, titanium alloy screw which is used to surgically replace damaged or missing natural teeth. The implant is placed into the jawbone so that the screw can firmly connect the artificial teeth or any other prosthesis to the jaw. Implants can also be used to support loose, removable dentures.
Prior to dental implants, a partial denture or fixed bridge was the standard approach for tooth replacement. With a fixed bridge, the two teeth on either side of the gap (abutment teeth) are crowned and these support a “pontic” (a false tooth) between them. The biggest disadvantage of this type of treatment is that the abutment teeth are drilled down to accommodate the crowns which can often compromise healthy teeth.
The biggest advantage of dental implants is that they do not affect the integrity of the adjacent teeth. However there must be a sufficient amount of healthy jaw bone to anchor the implant and the adjacent teeth and gums must be healthy. They also have a longer lifespan in comparison to bridgework. To assess the quality and volume of bone we can now use 3D scanners which makes treatment simpler and safer.
Why is replacing missing or lost teeth important in the first place?
Loosing teeth can put an emotional stress on ourselves. We all care about our appearance and how we look and this can affect our confidence both at work and on a personal basis.
Once a tooth is lost, the balance of the entire dental structure is disturbed. The gap can allow the remaining teeth to tilt and shift. This can affect regular chewing and can lead to further problems down the line. If multiple teeth are lost then bone can be lost which can make the face height change.
Chewing can be uncomfortable if missing teeth are replaced with ill fitting dentures. The gum often becomes thin and delicate and the forces developed by the denture can cause ulceration and swelling. Losing the ability to chew food properly can stop you from enjoying a big part of your life.
If you would like further advice please feel free to call The Mayhill Dental & Specialist Centre on 01600 712020 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
When Should Your Child Be Seen for An Orthodontic Checkup? read more
This is a frequently asked question by parents of young children. This depends on the dental age of the patient rather than chronological age. Braces are usually associated with teenagers but this isn’t always the case. Treatment can start as early as seven years of age. A good time to have your child assessed by an orthodontist is after the front permanent teeth have erupted into the mouth or if there is extreme crowding of the teeth. Regular visits to the dentist are important as they will be looking out for any problems that might benefit early orthodontic treatment. Any concerns should be referred to an orthodontist.
Early warning signs:
Baby teeth that are lost too early or too late. Most are lost between the age of 5-14.
Thumb sucking; especially if its excessive or carries on beyond the age of 4.
Teeth that don’t bite together properly or stick out.
Speech impediments such as a lisp or slurring
Crowded adult front teeth
Benefits of Early Treatment:
It is important that your dentist keeps a close eye on your child’s development as some problems are treated more efficiently at a young age. As we age our jaw bone stops growing so orthodontic treatment becomes slightly more difficult. By starting early we can guide the jaw bone growth and change their position and width. The alternative solution for adults is tooth removal or surgery. Early intervention can also help make sure there is enough space as the adult teeth start to come through in the correct position.
Front teeth which protrude are very vulnerable to trauma. This is especially the case in young adults who are playing contact sports. Gum shields will reduce but not eliminate the risks. Early treatment to reduce the overjet can reduce the odds of catastrophic trauma to these teeth.
What Does Early Orthodontic Treatment Involve
Wearing a fixed or removable brace although removable is more common. If the child has a small jaw or teeth that stick out your orthodontist might recommend a twin block brace. This is removable and repositions the jaws helping them into the correct position. This is usually followed by a fixed brace.
Referring Children for an Orthodontic Assessment
Your dentist can refer your child directly for a private assessment and treatment at any time for a specialist opinion. If you child has an NHS assessment and qualifies for treatment they may need to join a waiting list before the braces are fitted. This is due to limited funding available on the NHS. Typical waiting lists can be up to 2 years.
If you would like further advice or to arrange an orthodontic assessment please feel free to call 01600 712020 or email email@example.com